The laboratories of the Department of Cell Biology mentor many of the brightest postdoctoral researchers from around the world. Postdocs in our laboratories help drive the cutting edge research of the department while also being mentored in preparation for starting their own independent careers. Postdoctoral fellows are usually funded by their mentor. However, many are also successful in obtaining their own funding from foundations and the National Institutes for Health. Several of our senior postdoctoral fellows have obtained their own K99 Pathway to Independence Award with specific advice on grant writting and preparation from their mentors. There is a very active Duke University Postdoctoral Association and Office of Postdoctoral Services. These provide seminars and workshops on opportunities in academic and non-academic careers.